APJ Abdul Kalam Biography, Early Life, Achievements, Quotes will be discussed here. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, often known as APJ Abdul Kalam, was an outstanding scientist who rose to become India’s 11th President from 2002 to 2007. Kalam worked as a scientific administrator and scientist for over four decades, mainly at the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). He was deeply involved in India’s military missile development activities as well as its civilian space program.
APJ Abdul Kalam Biography
He was given the moniker ‘The Missile Man of India’ to launch technology and ballistic missile development. APJ Abdul Kalam was a key figure in the Pokhran-II Nuclear Tests in 1998. On October 15, 1931, APJ Abdul Kalam was born into an impoverished Tamil Muslim family in the pilgrimage town of Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. Ashiamma was a homemaker, while his father, Jainulabdeen, was a boat owner and an imam at a local mosque.
With four older brothers and a sister, he was the youngest in the family. Even though the family was not wealthy, all children were reared in a loving and compassionate environment. During his early years, Kalam had to sell newspapers to supplement the family’s income.
APJ Abdul Kalam Early Life
He was an average student at school, but he had a tremendous desire to study and work hard. He loved mathematics and would spend hours studying it. In 1954, he graduated from ‘Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli,’ after attending ‘Schwartz Higher Secondary School.’
He aspired to be a fighter pilot, but his ambition was dashed when the IAF only had eight seats available, and he was assigned to the ninth.
APJ Abdul Kalam Career
As a researcher, While on the ‘INCOSPAR’ committee, Kalam worked under the great space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. After joining the ‘Defence Research and Development Service,’ he graduated from the ‘Madras Institute of Technology in 1960 and worked as a scientist at the ‘Aeronautical Development Establishment.’ In 1969, Kalam was sent to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He rose to the project manager position for the country’s most advanced satellite launch vehicle (SLV-III). Under Kalam’s direction, SLV-III successfully launched the ‘Rohini’ satellite into near-Earth orbit in July 1980.
In 1970, Kalam took part in a variety of initiatives, including ‘Project Devil.’ He was also a part of the ‘Project Valiant’ group. Despite the project’s failure, it established the groundwork for creating the ‘Prithvi Missile’ in 1980.
In 1983, Kalam was requested to manage the ‘Integrated Guided Missile Development Program .’ He returned to DRDO as its chief (IGMDP).
APJ Abdul Kalam Achievements
He was a crucial figure in India’s ‘Porkhran-II’ nuclear tests, which took place in May 1998. Kalam became a national hero due to the success of these nuclear tests, and his popularity skyrocketed.
He provided various proposals to make India a developed country by 2020 as a technical visionary in technology advancements, agriculture, and nuclear energy.
As President, The governing National Democratic Alliance (NDA) nominated Kalam for President in 2002, and he was elected President. On July 25, 2002, he became India’s 11th President, a post he held until July 25, 2007. He was also the third President of India to be awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’ before taking office.
He was popularly known as ‘The People’s President’ because of his working manner and interactions with ordinary people, particularly the young. The signing of the ‘Office of Profit Bill,’ according to Dr. Kalam, was the most difficult choice he made during his presidency.
During his presidency, he was chastised for his lack of action in deciding on the fate of mercy petitions that were sent to him. Only one of the 21 mercy requests received his attention. He advocated President’s rule in Bihar in 2005, which was also a contentious choice.
APJ Abdul Kalam Quotes
As a Professor, He became a visiting professor at the ‘Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahemdabad,’ ‘Indian Institute of Management ((IIM), Indore,’ and the ‘Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Shillong,’ after his presidential term ended. He also taught technology at ‘Anna University,’ ‘Banaras Hindu University,’ and ‘International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Hyderabad.’ he was a professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University, as well as the chancellor of the ‘Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram,’ an honorary fellow of the ‘Indian Institute of Science (IISc),’ and an adjunct at several other research and academic institutes across the country.
In 2012, Kalam launched the ‘What Can I Give Movement,’ a youth-led initiative to combat corruption and increase efficiency.
APJ Abdul Kalam Achievements and Awards
- The Government of India awarded Kalam the coveted ‘Bharat Ratan,’ ‘Padma Vibhushan,’ and ‘Padma Bhushan.’
- In 1997, the Government of India presented him with the “Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration.”
- The Veer Savarkar Award was given to him.
- The ‘Alwars Research Centre’ awarded him the ‘Ramanujan Award’ in 2000.
- The Royal Society awarded him the ‘Kings Charles II Medal’ in 2007.
- Kalam was awarded the Hoover Medal by the ASME Foundation in the United States.
- In addition, he was awarded honorary doctorates from 40 institutions.
- Kalam’s 79th birthday was declared World Students’ Day by the United Nations.
- He was nominated for the MTV Youth Icon of the Year award in 2003 and 2006.
APJ Abdul Kalam Death
On July 27, 2015, Kalam visited IIM Shillong to give a “Creating a Livable Planet Earth lecture.” He acknowledged considerable pain when mounting a set of steps, but he made it to the auditorium. He fainted in the lecture hall just five minutes into the talk, about 6:35 pm IST. In a deep state, he was brought to ‘Bethany Hospital.’ He was maintained in critical care, but he showed no indications of life. He was confirmed deceased at 7:45 p.m. IST due to cardiac arrest.
On July 28, Kalam’s corpse was carried to New Delhi by an Indian Air Force chopper. At his apartment at 10 Rajaji Marg, many dignitaries and the general public paid their respects to him. Kalam’s corpse was flown to Mandapam, where an army vehicle transported it to his hometown of Rameswaram, covered in the national flag. His corpse was laid out in front of a bus station in Rameswaram so that people might pay their final respects to the departed soul. The former President was put to rest with full state honors at Rameswaram’s Pei Karumbu Ground on July 30, 2015. More than 350,000 individuals attended Kalam’s last rituals.
The Youth and Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam – When death beseeched Kalam while he was doing what he intended to do his whole life – spreading knowledge – fate was considered kind. Kalam lived out his dying breath doing what he loved most and with the people he cared about most — the kids. His life became a model for the country’s young. He became a role model and inspiration for the younger generation because of his modest demeanor, easygoing and straightforward manner, and ability to connect with young minds.
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Writings of dr. APJ Abdul Kalam – Dr. Kalam published and co-authored several instructive and inspiring publications, including ‘India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium’ and ‘India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium,’ among others. ‘Wings of Fire,’ ‘The Luminous Sparks: A Biography in Verse and Colors,’ ‘Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth,’ ‘You Are Born To Blossom,’ ‘Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India,’ ‘You Are Born To Blossom,’ ‘You Are Born To Blossom,’ ‘Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India ‘Guiding Souls,’ ‘Inspiring Thoughts,’ ‘Turning Points: A Journey Through Challenges,’ ‘Transcendence My Spiritual Experiences,’ ‘Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India,’ and several others are among them.
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Interesting Facts
Kalam, a man who spent over five decades in public service, including one as ‘The President,’ owned very little. He didn’t have any real estate, a television, a refrigerator, a vehicle, or air conditioning, but he did have 2,500 books, six shirts, a pair of shoes, a wristwatch, four pants, and three suits.
Except for books, he never took presents from others.
He never charged a fee for any of the talks he gave within or outside of the nation.
His fascination with technology was well-known, and he kept up with all of the newest breakthroughs, primarily via radio.
He was a vegetarian who was always satisfied with the food he was given.
He was a devout man who made a point of saying his morning prayer every day.
He never wore his faith on his sleeves, nor did he exaggerate his poor beginnings.
He didn’t leave a will. What was leftover, though, was to be donated to his older brother and grandkids. Before leaving or returning from a critical mission, Kalam always contacted his older brother.
‘Wings of Fire,’ his autobiography, was first published in English and has since been translated into thirteen languages, including Chinese and French.
‘I Am Kalam,’ a film based on Kalam’s life, was directed by Nila Madhab Panda in 2011.
His favorite topics were mathematics and physics.