Dengue symptoms, causes, dengue treatment, platelets count & recovery are all covered here. Dengue fever (DENG-gey) is a mosquito-borne illness that mainly affects tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. A high temperature and flu-like symptoms are common signs of dengue fever. A severe form of dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, may cause substantial bleeding, a drop in blood pressure (shock), and death.
- Dengue Treatment
- Dengue Symptoms
- Dengue Fever Symptoms
- Dengue Cause
- Dengue Platelets & Count
- When is it necessary to see a doctor?
- Dengue fever vaccination for dengue treatment
- Factors that are at risk
- Prevention for Dengue treatment
- Dengue Mosquito Bite Time
- Dengue Treatment
- Dengue Fever is a severe type of illness.
Dengue fever is an infectious disease caused by dengue viruses, which are transmitted to humans by mosquitos. Due to its rising frequency, dengue fever has become a serious global concern. What was the name of the illness, and when was the first instance of dengue fever documented? Dengue treatment manifests itself in a variety of ways. What are the signs and symptoms of dengue fever? Is it possible to get rid of it? In this section, we’ll look at the answers to these questions.
Facts about Dengue Fever – The World Health Organization estimates that roughly 50 million individuals are infected with dengue fever each year, while other researchers suggest that the number might be as high as 100 million. Dengue fever is a severe flu-like illness that causes a high fever, headache, and powerful body and joint pain. Dengue fever is a disease that most people recover from.
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Dengue fever affects between 2.5 and 3 billion people globally, most of whom live in tropical, urban regions of Southeast Asia, the Americas, Africa, and the Pacific (Figure 1). Each year, severe dengue, a more dangerous form of the disease, hospitalizes an estimated 500,000 people, most of whom are children. In certain places of the world, severe dengue fever kills more than 5% of patients. Dengue treatment is more frequent in cities than in rural areas. However, dengue infections in rural areas are increasing.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Dengue Fever? Dengue fever has a broad spectrum of symptoms, making diagnosis challenging. In newborns and young children, the dengue virus produces mild symptoms such as a fever and a rash all over their bodies, but no other dengue symptoms. Others have no symptoms or indicators at all.
Dengue Fever Symptoms
Adults and older children may experience minor symptoms similar to those described above, or they may develop typical dengue symptoms such as a high fever that lasts two to seven days, severe pain in the muscles, bones, and joints, discomfort behind the eyes, severe headaches, nausea and vomiting, and a rash. A two-peak fever response is characteristic of dengue fever. At the start of the disease, the patient’s body temperature is relatively high, but it gradually decreases before abruptly rising again.
Other symptoms of dengue fever include a decrease in the number of white blood cells and a lack of platelets in the blood. In dengue fever patients, skin hemorrhages (bleeding under the skin’s surface) might appear as red or purple areas on the body. Dengue fever may also cause bleeding in the skin, nose, and mouth. The recovery from dengue fever might take many weeks, and patients may feel tired and melancholy throughout that period.
Dengue fever is caused by four viruses: DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4. When a mosquito bites a person who is already infected, the virus is transmitted to the mosquito. When it bites a healthy person, the virus enters the person’s circulation and spreads the disease.
When a person recovers from a virus, he is immune to that virus but not the other three. If you have Dengue fever for the second, third, or fourth time, you’re more likely to get severe Dengue fever, also known as Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever.
Dengue Platelets & Count
Dengue Fever Diagnosis – Dengue infection may be detected with a blood test that looks for the virus or antibodies against it. If you get unwell after visiting a tropical location, contact your doctor. This will assist your doctor in determining whether or not a dengue infection causes your symptoms.
Dengue Fever Treatment – Dengue fever does not have a specific therapy. If you think you have dengue fever, use acetaminophen-based pain relievers instead of aspirin-based pain medicines, which might cause bleeding. In addition, you should obtain adequate rest, drink enough water, and see your doctor. If you start to feel worse during the first 24 hours after your fever has gone down, get medical help immediately away.
Preventing Dengue Fever – Avoiding mosquito bites is the best way to prevent the disease, mainly if you reside in or visit a tropical region. It means taking safeguards and making an effort to limit mosquito populations. In 2019, the FDA approved Dengvaxia, a dengue vaccine, to help prevent sickness in adolescents aged 9 to 16 who had previously been infected with dengue fever.
When is it necessary to see a doctor?
Dengue fever is a life-threatening medical emergency. Symptoms include severe stomach pain, vomiting, difficulty breathing, blood in your nose, gums, vomit, or feces. If you’ve recently been to a place where dengue fever is known to occur, you’ve had a fever, or you’ve acquired any of the warning signs, get medical attention immediately.
If you’ve recently traveled and have a fever and mild symptoms of dengue fever, see your doctor.
Dengue fever vaccination for dengue treatment
Sanofi Pasteur produced the first dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia® (CYD-TDV), authorized by regulatory bodies in 20 countries in December 2015. The findings of an additional investigation to identify serostatus at the time of immunization were disclosed in November 2017. Compared to unvaccinated individuals, the subgroup of trial participants who were inferred to be seronegative at the initial vaccination had a greater risk of more severe dengue and hospitalizations from dengue. As a result, the vaccine is intended for those aged 9 to 45 who live in endemic regions and have previously experienced at least one confirmed dengue virus infection.
Factors that are at risk
If you do any of the following, you’re more likely to get dengue fever or a more severe form of the disease:
You either live in or go to tropical areas. Dengue fever is more likely to strike those who live in tropical and subtropical settings. High-risk regions include Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America, and Africa.
You’ve had dengue fever before. If you’ve had dengue fever previously, you’re more likely to acquire it again and have severe symptoms.
Internal bleeding and organ damage may occur as a result of severe dengue infection. Shock may occur if blood pressure drops dangerously low. In some instances, severe dengue fever might be lethal.
If a mother catches dengue fever while pregnant, her kid may be infected after delivery. Infants born to moms who have dengue fever during pregnancy are more likely to be born preterm, have a low birth weight, or experience fetal distress.
Prevention for Dengue treatment
For anyone aged 9 to 45 who has had dengue fever at least once, one dengue fever vaccination (Dengvaxia) is suggested in an area where the illness is common. The immunization is given in three doses over a year.
The immunization is only available to those who have a documented history of dengue sickness or who have had a blood test that confirms prior infection with one of the dengue viruses (known as seropositivity). Vaccination seems to increase the risk of severe dengue fever and dengue fever-related hospitalization in those who have never had the illness previously (seronegative).
Dengvaxia is not available to travelers or residents of the continental United States. The vaccine was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2019 for those aged 9 to 16 who have had dengue fever in the past and live in the US territories of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands, where dengue fever is common.
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Dengue Mosquito Bite Time
It is possible to prevent mosquito bites for dengue treatment
According to the World Health Organization, the vaccine is ineffective in preventing dengue fever in areas where the illness is already familiar. The most effective methods for controlling dengue fever are still avoiding mosquito bites and reducing mosquito populations.
Keep the following measures in mind if you live in or intend to visit a place where dengue fever is common:
- Stay in a room that is well-ventilated or air-conditioned. Mosquitos that transmit dengue fever are most active from dawn to sunset, although they may bite at any time.
- Put on some safety equipment. When visiting mosquito-infested areas, dress in a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, socks, and shoes.
- It is recommended that you wear mosquito repellent. Permethrin may be used to treat clothing, shoes, camping gear, and bed nets. You may also buy clothing that has already been treated with permethrin. Use a repellent for your skin that has at least ten percent DEET.
The habitat of mosquitos should be minimized. Dengue-carrying mosquitos are often found in and around houses, where they reproduce in standing water that may collect in objects like old vehicle tires. You may help to minimize mosquito populations by eliminating mosquito breeding places. At least once a week, empty and clean containers hold standing water, such as plant pots, animal bowls, and flower vases. Keep standing water containers covered between cleanings.
Because Dengue is a virus, there is no particular treatment or cure. Depending on the severity of the sickness, early intervention may be beneficial. Dengue fever may be treated in a variety of ways. Pain relievers such as Tylenol or paracetamol are often recommended to patients. In cases of severe dehydration, IV infusions may be used to support the treatment.
Stay hydrated: During vomiting and a high temperature, the majority of our body fluids are lost. The body will not readily dehydrate if fluids are consumed regularly.
Hygiene: It is essential to maintain good hygiene, especially while you are sick. If a conventional bath is not available, the patient may take a sponge bath. Add a few drops of disinfection liquid, such as Dettol, to the bathing water. Before and after visiting a patient in the hospital, it’s also a good idea to clean your hands with a hand sanitizer like Dettol. To remove the garments of bacteria, disinfect the water used to wash the patient’s clothes with Dettol.
Dengue Fever is a severe type of illness.
The dengue virus may cause severe dengue fever, which is more dangerous than common dengue treatment. Although the early signs of severe dengue fever are similar to those of mild dengue, severe dengue has a far higher mortality rate. Patients with severe dengue fever, like those with dengue fever, have a high fever, bleeding, and a low white blood cell count. What is the difference between severe dengue and dengue fever?
The most typical indication of severe dengue is the loss of blood plasma from capillaries. This leakage occurs 24 to 48 hours after the patient’s fever has gone, a period that doctors refer to as the critical phase. Dengue fever sufferers heal as their fever goes down. However, severe dengue patients suffer. Fluids may collect in bodily cavities if plasma escapes the circulatory system in those with severe dengue fever. Plasma leakage may be detected by checking for abnormally low protein content in the blood and a higher-than-normal number of red blood cells. Another sign of acute dengue is excessive bleeding. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects the stomach and intestines.
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